May 13, 2013
The lack of opportunities in education, health and employment, coupled with excessive growth of poverty, every day’s shore Honduran women have to give away or sell their children.
Many women would give birth to their children and handing them over to foreigners in other countries, for paltry sums of money.
While it is true that in Honduras there are many ways to give children up for adoption, there are several requirements needed and mothers feel that they do not get any profit.
In response, some Honduran women would be carrying their babies to other countries in Central America, El Salvador and Nicaragua as children, to sell them for a few cents.
According to information received, the women would be contacted by adoption agencies that offer them ridiculous sums of money, compared to what it is worth the life of a child, to have them delivered to foreigners.
Although this decision appears to be legal because the mother owns their children, they would be committing the crime of trafficking in persons, because their children are trafficking, experts say.
Most women increasingly engage in such practices are induced under false pretenses by foreigners who know the laws and that they “love the ear”, offering them money.
According to research, unsuspecting women are having more than four children living in extreme poverty and who prefer to make a profit or girls who can not take care of the children they give birth.
In public hospitals have increased thefts of newborns.
In countries such as El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras, there are children adoption agencies, many operating legally, but others are handled by skilled scammers.
The dial adoption agencies take advantage of ignorance and the need for mothers to get children to manage their roles and are sold for large sums of dollars to foreign couples and even single parents (one parent and several children ), which take in good faith, without imagining what happens.
Much of Central Americans who want to adopt infants, are from the US, Canada and even from several European countries who contact those agencies that are advertised on the Internet.
Similarly, much of children who are sold in other countries, are stolen in public hospitals for women who take advantage of the neglect of nursing mothers.
In October 2012, the authorities of the Investigative Police recovered a girl who was stolen in the department of La Paz.
The director of Casa Alianza, José Guadalupe Ruelas said to have received complaints concerning trade in babies, by people working in non-governmental organizations (NGO’s), that help women, but that they were not disclosed.
“We have received such information, we have actually spoken to the National Police put on alert about the crime and have also told us that they have the same information, but through research have not yielded positive results,” he said.
Ruelas said they have also received information that Honduras would be stealing children to extract their organs, which also has been reported to the police and after investigations, results have not been achieved to determine who is committing such crime.
“There is a rumor that there is a trade in babies and that there is a trade in organs, we have come to say that there are children who go missing and are found dead, but police have investigated and it turns out that’s not true,” he said.
In that sense, it is considered likely that many children are being stolen in public hospitals in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, in order to take them to other countries for sale.
This young girl cries after retrieving her offspring, newborn, who had been abducted from the Hospital School.
“We can not help thinking that there is an industry of illegal adoptions, if you can call it that, in the sense that children are sold or trafficked, because there are disappearing from hospitals,” he said.
“Those kids when they are taken from me by force hospitals generally are used to give them up for adoption in an illegal manner and almost always do abroad,” he said.
“We have also heard reports that pregnant girls are teenagers, are invited to sell their children for money or protection, but that’s a crime,” said Ruelas.
It has grown actions of the “kidnappers”
The head of the Special Crimes Department of the National Bureau of Criminal Investigation (DNIC), Fatima Ulloa said it’s common theft of newborns and even increased.
“In recent months it has been noted several cases of abduction of newborns, children whose mothers claim that their children were stolen from public hospitals,” he said.
However, he said that in the last two cases investigated was established that the mothers had sought ways to get rid of their children, due to the extreme poverty in which they currently live.
The police officer said that the denatured mothers later reported having given their children, but do not know if they got any profit in this illegal transaction.
“Really far prosecutors of the Public Ministry, and the National Bureau of Criminal Investigation, will not have any of the cases where mothers sell their children to the boundaries,” he said.
However, he added: “That may be happening, we can not be oblivious to the situation, but are ends to be investigated.”
“The crimes are occurring more is stealing children in all public hospitals in the country and the victims are often young women or single mothers,” he explained.
In that regard, it recommended to all women who are giving birth always be aware of newborns and does not put them in the hands of strangers, because any carelessness can steal those.
The prosecution must investigate ex officio
The director of INHFA, Felipe Morales, who considered selling their children commit a criminal offense.
The director of the Honduran Institute for Children and Families (INHFA), Felipe Morales, said the lower trade should be officially investigated by public prosecutors.
He said that in countries like Guatemala law is complex as in Honduras, but unknown procedures followed in El Salvador and Nicaragua, to adopt a child.
“In any case, if you were given this situation, should he be sanctioned by the prosecution and the courts, because you are talking about a crime that is punishable under the Law Against Trafficking in Persons” he said.
“If mothers are going to leave their children to other countries, it would be in a situation of trafficking and criminal liability that would mean, we know the situation, but we believe it is important to the action of the prosecution,” he said.
He explained that there are two ways in which a child can be placed for adoption, the first is that the child is abandoned or at social risk or parents voluntarily cede their children in Honduras.
“That way we usually serve under our scope and directly, or abandoned children in social risk, but when done voluntarily must be done through the courts, but INHFA always involved in the adoption process “he emphasized.
In that sense, the Honduran law provides a regulation-making that includes psychosocial and economic evaluations of the adoptive couple, while for assigning children a committee-agency, which analyzes each case, to be candidates for adoption.
Morales said that adoption laws are quite strong in Honduras, to avoid bad practices that occurred in the past, in which mothers made a deal with the adopters to get a profit.
But now parents can give their children up for adoption voluntarily, but is strictly forbidden by law to obtain gain in such situations.
According to statistics handled by the INHFA, during 2012 the number of Honduran children who were legally adopted by the order went 80 children, welcomed by domestic and foreign partners.